By S. Onyeiwu
Onyeiwu specializes in how occasions of the twenty-first century are shaping key sectors of African economies and societies. He means that, in comparison to East Asia and Latin the USA, Africa nonetheless has a ways to move, regardless of fresh advancements in functionality.
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Although much has been written about Africa’s new middle class, its role as a catalyst or a hindrance to economic growth has not been fully explored. Africa’s middle class is not monolithic; members of this class exhibit different attributes, depending on the country they reside in. While a middle-class household in South Africa or Tunisia is likely to have access to a fairly regular supply of electricity and water, its counterpart in Nigeria would have only a sporadic access. Whether the middle class helps to sustain growth depends on its quality.
Source: Compiled from World Development Indicators. 5 World crude oil prices (US$ per barrel). Source: OPEC Database. 12 Emerging Issues in Cont empor a ry African Economies significantly reduce growth rates in the long run. 13 Economic and policy reforms: Policy matters for growth and development. This much we know from countries like Chile (under General Pinochet) and South Korea (President Park Chung-hee), where authoritarian rulers succeeded in implementing good economic policies that spurred growth.
This is the first 24 Emerging Issues in Cont empor a ry African Economies time that the region will maintain a robust growth rate continuously for over a decade. And it will be the first time that the region is expected to perform better than developed economies. Goldman Sachs predicts that two African economies (Nigeria and Egypt) will be among the top 20 economies in the world by 2025—a position these countries are expected to maintain well into 2050. ”5 The World Bank, known for its cautious approach to assessing African economies, has even joined the chorus, predicting that “Africa could be on the brink of an economic take-off, much like China was 30 years ago” (Knight, 2013).
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