Encyclopedia of Tourism (Routledge World Reference) by Jafar Jafari PDF

By Jafar Jafari

Tourism is commute for excitement additionally the idea and perform of traveling, the company of attracting, accommodating, and unique travelers, and the enterprise of working excursions. Tourism can be overseas, or in the tourists state. the realm Tourism association defines tourism extra more often than not, in phrases which pass «beyond the typical conception of tourism as being constrained to vacation task in basic terms «, as humans «traveling to and staying in areas outdoors their ordinary atmosphere for no more than one consecutive 12 months for rest, enterprise and different reasons»

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Sample text

1960) The Image of the City, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pearce, D. (1987) Tourism Today: A Geographical Analysis, Longman: Harlow, 78±81. GEOFFREY WALL, CANADA adaptation When culturally diverse groups of individuals come into contact, there will be inevitable impacts on each others' value system, social fabric, cultural structure, political and economic processes. At the social level, the outcome is usually assimilation, acculturation, segregation or integration. At the individual level,the result may be more transitory and assume the form of `passing', exaggerated chauvinism, marginalityor cultural mediation.

Further, with the increasing use of technology, more and more executives are working from home and there is less need to be away from it on expensive business trips. In this mature economic scenario, competition is fierce and cost reductions, such as travel and hotel expenses, are an important means of maintaining profitability. Recent statistics confirm the worldwide importance of the business market, estimating that it accounts for 38 per cent of accommodation demand, compared with 36 per cent for tourists and 14 per cent for conference delegates.

Income as a flow relates to a period of time (such as a year, a quarter or a month) and is typically depicted in a statement of income, while wealth as a stock relates to a point in time (normally the beginning or end of such a period) and is depicted in a balance sheet or statement of financial position. Types of accounting system include national accounts (the preserve of economic statisticians rather than accountants, and sometimes termed macro accounting), and the accounts of organisations in national and local government and of private sector organisations including companies, such as hotels, restaurants and airline (microaccounting).

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