Globalization and Development: Why East Asia Surged Ahead by Anthony Elson (auth.) PDF

By Anthony Elson (auth.)

Comparing the event of East Asia and Latin the United States because the mid-1970s, Elson identifies the foremost inner elements universal to every quarter that have allowed East Asia to use the alternate, monetary, and technological impression of a extra globalized financial system to help its improvement, whereas Latin the US has not.

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Extra info for Globalization and Development: Why East Asia Surged Ahead and Latin America Fell Behind

Sample text

Over the following three decades, however, significant differences in these aspects of macroeconomic performance emerged, which widened over time. In particular, gross domestic investment as a ratio to GDP has expanded much more sharply in East Asia than in Latin America, with a higher share of it being financed by domestic savings. In fact, during only one of the past four decades of the twentieth century was domestic savings in East Asia, on average, less than domestic investment. By contrast, the ratio of domestic investment to GDP for Latin America during this same period was consistently higher than that for domestic savings.

During the current era of globalization, an increasing share of trade flows has taken the form of intra-industry trade reflecting a growing fragmentation of production processes across countries, managed by Development of East Asia and Latin America ● 21 multinational corporations, and the specialization of countries within global production networks/global value chains (GPNs/GVCs). Most FDI flows have been increasingly concentrated among developed countries and those developing countries, in particular, which have been most successful in being integrated within international production networks.

East Asia and Latin America during the Current Era of Globalization Notwithstanding certain differences in the level of income per capita and industrial development of the two regions at mid-century, other dimensions of macroeconomic performance for the two regions were not that different during the decade of the 1960s. 2 , while the extent of trade openness (as measured by the ratio of exports and imports of goods and services to GDP) was higher in East Asia, the two regions were fairly similar in terms of the growth in real GDP per capita, savings and investment ratios, and the size of financial intermediation in the early years of the postwar period.

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