Read e-book online Localist Movements in a Global Economy: Sustainability, PDF

By David J. Hess

The internationalization of economies and different adjustments that accompany globalization have caused a paradoxical reemergence of the neighborhood. an important yet mostly unstudied point of latest local-global relationships is the expansion of ''localist movements''--efforts to reclaim fiscal and political sovereignty for metropolitan and different subnational areas. In Localist hobbies in an international economic climate, David Hess deals an outline of localism within the usa and assesses its power to handle urgent worldwide difficulties of social justice and environmental sustainability. because the Nineteen Nineties, greater than a hundred neighborhood enterprise corporations have shaped within the usa, and there are becoming efforts to construct neighborhood possession within the retail, nutrients, power, transportation, and media industries. during this first social technology research of localism, Hess adopts an interdisciplinary process that mixes theoretical mirrored image, empirical study, and coverage research. His viewpoint isn't really that of an uncritical localist suggest; he attracts on his new empirical study to evaluate the level to which localist rules can handle sustainability and justice concerns. After a theoretical dialogue of sustainability, the worldwide company economic climate, and fiscal improvement, Hess seems to be at 4 particular types of localism: ''buy local'' campaigns; city agriculture; neighborhood possession of electrical energy and transportation; and replacement and neighborhood media. He then examines ''global localism''—transnational local-to-local offer chains—and different monetary guidelines and monetary tools that might create another fiscal constitution. Localism isn't really a panacea for globalization, he concludes, yet an important factor in initiatives to construct extra democratic, simply, and sustainable politics. city and business Environments sequence

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The policy issues outlined in this chapter form the basis for my assessment of localism in the concluding chapter. In this book I map out some of the underlying ideas and assumptions of the localist movement in the United States and some of the differences across industries. I weigh the environmental and social challenges of localism and ponder their potential consistency with, or conflicts with, parallel projects for economic reform. As an alternative pathway in urban development, localism raises fundamental questions about economic development strategies that are based on attracting large 22 Introduction corporate manufacturers, big-box stores, and high-tech start-up companies.

In a world with relatively distant ecological limits, as was the case throughout the nineteenth century for the United States, the growth orientation of the large corporation was beneficial for both workers and elites. However, the era of ecological limits has now set in, and we are faced with the question of how well adapted the publicly traded corporation is to a world in which economic growth needs to occur within global ecological limits. Radical sociologists and heterodox economists have suggested that in order to put our modern societies on a path toward life within sustainable limits, economic policy would have to end economic growth or at least shift to a low growth scenario that would enable a “steady state” of ecosystem sinks and withdrawals.

The hope is based on the assumption that technological innovation can be rapid enough to compensate for the environmental impact that accompanies increased economic growth, and that governments can provide adequate policy solutions before the 32 Chapter 1 catastrophic environmental effects of ongoing economic growth are widely felt. Critics of mainstream economics and policy have long raised skeptical questions about the capacity of the capitalist system to solve the world’s problems of social inequality.

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