Download e-book for kindle: Metropolitan Regions: Knowledge Infrastructures of the by Johan Klaesson, Börje Johansson, Charlie Karlsson

By Johan Klaesson, Börje Johansson, Charlie Karlsson

Metropolitan progress has been dramatic some time past numerous many years, and this day metropolitan areas are famous because the major riding forces in nationwide development and improvement in addition to in nationwide and worldwide innovation approaches. the aim of this ebook is to give a contribution to a greater knowing of the way metropolitan areas and their subsystems engage and compete, why they range of their potential to nurture innovation and progress, and the way metropolitan rules has to be designed to safe the region’s long term energy. subsequently, it provides new contributions on theories of city progress, associations and guidelines of city switch, and case reports of city progress ready by way of foreign experts.

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Additional resources for Metropolitan Regions: Knowledge Infrastructures of the Global Economy

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1 Empirical Evidence: Productivity Gains Basic Findings Despite the attention paid to agglomeration economies – going back to observations by Alfred Marshall in the 1890s – verification of efficiency gains by direct observation proved difficult at first, even using data from advanced industrial economies. A number of early studies estimating aggregate production functions are suggestive, but most of these efforts lacked critical data (for example, measures of capital stock), making inferences about the importance of external effects problematic.

J Econ Geogr 1:27–50 Greene F, Mole K, Storey DJ (2008) Three decades of enterprise culture. Palgrave, London Henderson JV (2005) Urbanization and growth. In: Aghion P, Durlauf S (eds) Handbook of economic growth. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1543–1591 Hirsch S (1967) Location of industry and international competitiveness. Oxford University Press, Oxford Holmberg I, Johansson B, Stro¨mquist U (2003) A simultaneous model of long-term job and ˚ E, Johansson B, Anderson WP (eds) The economics of population changes.

Clearly there must 2 Agglomeration, Regional Growth, and Economic Development 31 be compensating benefits of urban location, either in terms of cost reduction, output enhancement, or else utility gains, to make dense location and the payment of location rent sensible choices for households and firms. The putative utility gains from urbanization have been the subject of much speculation and analysis by non-economists. The once-popular refrain “How’re ya gonna keep them down on the farm. ” trivializes the principal insight.

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