By Carol Yeh-Yun Lin
Over the prior decade, wisdom resources and highbrow capital were attracting an expanding quantity of consciousness, not just from teachers and CEOs, but additionally from nationwide coverage makers. thus far, such a lot experiences of highbrow capital have concentrated on the organizational point, with an emphasis on explaining the function of “intangible resources” as a differentiator among accounting worth and industry price as a potential resource of company aggressive virtue. extra lately, pioneers within the box, together with the authors of this ebook, have all started to use those methodologies to a broader scope, with the target of evaluating the highbrow capital indices on the nationwide or local point. therefore, increasingly more global companies and researchers are commissioned to enquire this future-oriented an important nationwide factor. but, the linkage among the price of intangible resources and the way to quantify or benchmark it's nonetheless tenuous, let alone simply misunderstood by way of a layman for directing higher selection making. With the assumption that numbers speak and data cover invaluable info, this ebook serves to give the authors’ learn findings, masking 14 years (1995-2008) of highbrow capital details, constructed from human capital, marketplace capital, approach capital, renewal capital, and monetary capital for forty nations. The final 3 chapters transcend research of present highbrow capital elements, and current sensible instruments for launching tasks on the nationwide point. The e-book will function a necessary source for researchers, coverage makers, and company leaders concerned about problems with monetary development and competitiveness, innovation, and company creation.
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Additional info for National Intellectual Capital: A Comparison of 40 Countries
Over the 14-year period, Finland’s human capital and financial capital showed a small improvement of two and two percentile points. Market capital regressed in 2006, yet recovered in 2008 and gained about five percentile points over the 14 years. However, it remains Finland’s weakest type of capital since 2000. Process capital declined sharply from 2005 to 2006, yet recovered in 2008 and gained about seven percentile points over the 14 years. In terms of financial capital, although its 1–10 rating score improved only slightly, the real dollar value of its GDP per capital (PPP) increased from US$18,058 in 1995 to US$36,217 in 2008 for a growth rate of 101%.
In spite of having the highest-rated financial capital, Norway shows a relatively flat trend for the other four types capitals with respect to the other Nordic countries. In particular, a decline in its market capital and process capital are evident over the years. 28). Since the capital rating score is relative to the highest value, score reduction indicates that other countries are catching up to and has outperformed some advanced countries. Although Norway has enjoyed its national wealth for quite a period of time, in order to sustain competitiveness, creating more renewal capital should be high on the national agenda, as it is currently only around the 50th percentile, while the renewal capital of the other Nordic countries has already exceeded the 60th percentile.
3. pdf, and (3) Pasher and Shachar (2007) Swedish Government and Stockholm University Obstacles to the Measurement of National Intellectual Capital 15 16 2 Background of National Intellectual Capital such measurement development is that each country determines the indicators that suit its own characteristics and needs. The downside is that those indicators do not provide a framework for cross-country comparisons. For instance, Luxembourg’s human capital has an indicator of frontaliers, because each working day more than 115,000 frontaliers cross national borders to their jobs in Luxembourg.
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