Download e-book for kindle: Structural Economics: Measuring Change in Technology, by Faye Duchin

By Faye Duchin

In all societies, the most motives of environmental degradation are source extraction and the new release of wastes by means of families and industries. life like suggestions for mitigating those affects require an figuring out of either the applied sciences during which assets are remodeled into items, and the life-style offerings that form loved ones use of such products.Structural Economics presents a framework for constructing and comparing such concepts. It represents a tremendous new method of describing loved ones life and technological offerings, the relationships among them, and their effect on source use and waste. during this quantity, economist Faye Duchin presents for the 1st time an authoritative and accomplished advent to the sector, together with its social in addition to its technological dimensions. The presentation is offered to non-specialists whereas additionally together with quite a lot of new research.Duchin's basic success is to combine a qualitatively wealthy knowing of applied sciences and existence right into a versatile, quantitative framework grounded in proven rules of input-output economics and social accounting. She makes use of instruments and insights from parts as different as demography and marketplace examine to conceptualize and describe diverse different types of families and their existence. She additionally attracts at the services of engineers and actual scientists to envision the possibility of technological swap. The framework Duchin develops allows the rigorous and specified research of particular situations for substitute applied sciences and alterations in way of life. the writer makes use of the case of Indonesia for representation and to refine new techniques via trying out their relevance opposed to genuine information.The new box of structural economics represents a major breakthrough within the attempt to use the ability of technology to fixing the issues of recent societies. This booklet may still end up precious to scholars and students of economics, sociology, or anthropology, in addition to environmental scientists, policymakers in any respect degrees, and a person concerned about a realistic interpretation of the elusive proposal of sustainable improvement.

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Additional info for Structural Economics: Measuring Change in Technology, Lifestyles, and the Environment

Example text

The name is part of the language used by engineers, technicians, and other experts who work with specific production processes. Structural economics provides a means to organize specialized knowledge about named technologies associated with different industries to make it useful for economic analysis. Specific technologies are already in place in existing establishments, and they reflect decisions made in the past. In business and 36 Structural Economics government databases, which report purchases and sales distinguished by SIC (or in the future NAICS) codes, the technologies are not named, but they are nonetheless described implicitly.

The book that resulted from this research (Duchin and Lange 1994) contributed to the methods and ideas developed in the present volume. In particular, our evaluation concluded that much bolder technological and social changes would need to be envisaged than those discussed in the Brundtland Report and mentioned a few possibilities, focused mainly on technological approaches, like increased use of fuels and materials from renewable sources. Another option we mentioned was the reduced use of cars, which would require changes in the layout of communities.

While the new classification poses practical challenges for the analysis of changes from before 1999 to later years, it clearly facilitates a research focus on crucial areas of change, such as environmentally motivated technologies and the use and processing of information. The Representation of Technology A number of different techniques can be used to produce the characteristic outputs of each industry. Grains can be grown on irrigated lands with substantial amounts of chemicals and mechanized equipment and relatively little labor.

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