Studying Bilinguals (Oxford Linguistics) - download pdf or read online

By François Grosjean

Even if greater than part the world's inhabitants is bilingual, the learn of bilinguals has lagged in the back of that of monolinguals. With this booklet, which attracts on twenty-five years of the author's learn, Fran?ois Grosjean contributes considerably to redressing the stability. the quantity covers 4 parts of analysis: the definition and characterization of the bilingual individual, the belief and construction of spoken language by way of bilinguals, the sign-oral bilingualism of the Deaf, and methodological and conceptual matters in learn on bilingualism. whereas the writer takes a principally psycholinguistic method, his acute linguistic and sociolinguistic know-how is obvious all through and particularly so in his reflections on what it capacity to be bilingual and bicultural. The publication additionally defends elevated co-operation between researchers in connecting fields akin to the language sciences and the neurosciences.

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Extra resources for Studying Bilinguals (Oxford Linguistics)

Sample text

Although these reports are quite anecdotal, they do point to an important phenomenon, language mode, which researchers have been alluding to over the years. For example, Weinreich (1966) writes that, when speaking to a monolingual, the bilingual is subject to interlocutory constraint which requires that he or she limit interferences (Weinreich uses this as a cover term for any element of the other language), but when speaking to another bilingual there is hardly any limit to interferences; forms can be transferred freely from one language to the other and often used in an unadapted way.

Whereas they avoid using their other language with the former, they may call on it for a word or a sentence with the latter or even change over to it completely. In addition, bilinguals will also report that, as listeners, they are sometimes taken by surprise when they are spoken to in a language that they did not expect. Although these reports are quite anecdotal, they do point to an important phenomenon, language mode, which researchers have been alluding to over the years. For example, Weinreich (1966) writes that, when speaking to a monolingual, the bilingual is subject to interlocutory constraint which requires that he or she limit interferences (Weinreich uses this as a cover term for any element of the other language), but when speaking to another bilingual there is hardly any limit to interferences; forms can be transferred freely from one language to the other and often used in an unadapted way.

G. Poplack 1985; Bentahila and Davies 1991) because it can help predict the frequency and type of switching that takes place. In a laboratory based study, Grosjean (1997a) manipulated the language mode French-English bilinguals were in when retelling French stories that contained English code-switches. The participants were told they were taking part in a “telephone chain” experiment whose aim was to examine the amount of information that could be conveyed from one person to another. The three French interlocutors they had to retell the stories to were described to the participants before the experiment started by means of short biographical sketches.

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