By John Douglass
The social agreement of public universities—the revolutionary concept that any citizen who meets special educational stipulations can achieve access to their country university—has profoundly formed American society. This booklet deals the 1st complete exam of admission guidelines and practices at public universities. utilizing the college of California, the nation's biggest public study collage and between its so much selective, as an illuminating case examine, it explores ancient and modern debates over affirmative motion, gender, category, standardized checking out, and the turning out to be impacts of privatization and globalization, and certainly the very goal and way forward for those very important public institutions.The usa has been the area chief in constructing mass greater schooling, utilizing its pioneering community of public universities to advertise socioeconomic mobility and nationwide financial competitiveness. however the writer warns that entry and commencement premiums have stagnated and will also be declining, fairly between more youthful scholars. different international locations, together with key individuals of the ecu Union, besides China, India, and different constructing international locations, are aggressively reshaping and increasing their larger schooling structures. The “American virtue” of an excellent and high-access better schooling method is waning. The ultimate chapters discover why this is often the case and the implications inside of an more and more aggressive international financial system.
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Extra resources for The Conditions for Admission: Access, Equity, and the Social Contract of Public Universities
It was an incomplete thought. Most states, including California, struggled to establish truly free public schools. Legal argument persisted, in particular in the American Midwest and South, regarding the appropriateness of public taxation to support public education. Such arguments remained salient for those who opposed the idea of taxes as an unfair redistribution of wealth. Roads and law enforcement were acceptable forms of local taxation, but schooling other people’s children in an era of agricultural labor and apprenticeship remained controversial.
Expanding access to education and improving its organization and quality became broadly acceptable political goals. Increased educational opportunities would encourage socioeconomic mobility, facilitate the Americanization of the immigrant, and cultivate the “natural” development of community and business leaders. Progressives gained political power and passed legislation to extend education to include the kindergarten. And in California, they laid plans to build the University of California into a powerful and central source of research and training.
In selecting students, a number of important stipulations were added, creating an initial set of principles that guided University of California admissions. Three of these principles were created in the original charter. The ﬁrst principle was a natural extension of the rule on the selection of regents. It should be free of undue inﬂuence: The selection of students and granting of scholarships by the president should also be free of secular and political inﬂuence. Similar statements could be found in the charters of other state universities, and this principle would often be cited in battles over university admissions in the 1990s.
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