The Economics of Producing Defense: Illustrated by the - download pdf or read online

By Yaacov Lifshitz

The Economics of manufacturing protection: Illustrated via the Israeli Case starts with an summary of the improvement of security economics as a sub-discipline of the final thought of economics, and issues on the new demanding situations it really is dealing with within the post-Cold battle period. It focuses, then, at the offer aspect of safeguard economics, featuring theoretical analyses and empirical findings with regards to using a number of inputs - manpower, domestically-made protection items, imported hands - in delivering nationwide protection. many of the matters below dialogue are additional elucidated via examples from Israel's adventure. As a small economic system that faces continually serious defense difficulties, Israel's approach of dealing with security financial concerns may well certainly ahead a few fascinating classes for a much wider viewers.

The valuable objective of the publication is to persuade policy-makers and the general public at huge of the contribution protection economics can make to greater administration of nationwide defense difficulties. This objective is inspired by way of the becoming weight connected to financial concerns and results in generating and providing safeguard, as established within the unique dialogue.

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Extra resources for The Economics of Producing Defense: Illustrated by the Israeli Case

Example text

Lancaster laid the foundation of what was later called operations research. The War also brought governments back into defense production. In the second half of the nineteenth century, large private fil1)1s had replaced government arsenals in defense production, but mobilizing industry into the war effort made it necessary to reverse the trend of privatization. In fact, governments' involvement in other economic areas grew as well, and most combatant states became "command economies" (Kapstein, 1992: 24).

He surmised that the Arabs would forcibly try to prevent a Jewish state from arising in the Land of Israel, and that an armed conflict would soon erupt between the small Jewish community and the entire Arab world surrounding it. By establishing defense as the central problem, he sought to assure mobilization of maximum resources for the military effort (Ostfeld, 1994: 23-26). Shortly after the War of Independence ended in 1949, Israel hoped for a stable peace with her neighbors, and was willing to reduce defense expenditures (see chapter 6, section 1).

At sea, battleships became a unique symbol of national might, demanding the state's most advanced technological achievements and the best of its industrial capabilities. The railways became supply lines between production -centers. and fighting armies, and together with improved communication systems made the industrial and technological potential an integral part of war efforts. Economic, industrial and technological strength became very important, and war, instead of being 25 limited to armies, became in fact a struggle between the overall human and economic resources of countries involved.

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