By Keith A. Nitta
Schooling policymaking is regularly visible as a family political strategy. The task of identifying the place scholars may be expert, what they are going to be taught, who will educate them, and the way it is going to be paid for basically rests with a few mixture of district, nation, and nationwide policymakers. This e-book seeks to teach how international tendencies have produced related adjustments to very assorted academic platforms within the usa and Japan. regardless of diversified old improvement, social norms, and institutional buildings, the U.S. and eastern schooling structures were restructured over the last dozen years, not only incrementally yet in ways in which have remodeled conventional energy preparations. in line with 124 interviews, this booklet examines restructuring episodes in U.S. schooling and restructuring episodes in jap schooling. The 4 episodes show an identical politics of structural schooling reform that's pushed through symbolic motion and bureaucratic turf wars, which has eventually hindered academic development in either international locations.
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Additional info for The Politics of Structural Education Reform (Routledge Research in Education)
S. student performance and declining Japanese student performance also identified high-flying countries. To meet the economic challenge from these countries, business leaders and politicians advocated learning from them. Japanese reformers learned that Western countries with more decentralized, deregulated, and diversified education systems produced more creative workers. American reformers learned that Asian countries with clear education goals—curriculum standards—and high-stakes exams produced disciplined, skilled workers.
It focused diverse actors’ attention on education, including President Reagan, business leaders, governors, and the mass media. . . If an unfriendly foreign power had attempted to impose on America the mediocre educational performance that exists today, we might have viewed it as an act of war. . 10 The report also put structural reform ideas onto the national education agenda for the first time. It recommended tough curricular standards for every child at the core of a coordinated approach to education reform.
S. politicians— presidents, Congressional leaders, and state governors—would be more proactive than Japanese politicians. The fragmented, pluralistic American system provides more opportunity for more politicians to intervene in policymaking than the unitary Japanese system. S. and Japanese politicians were crucial reform initiators and coalition builders. S. presidents, governors, and Congress members more actively shaped reform packages and negotiated final deals than their Japanese counterparts.
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